Saturday, December 17, 2016

Torrance and the Pre-history of the Incarnation

Greetings Everyone,

If you are doing research on T.F. Torrance, please check out my recently published academic article entitled, 'The pre-history of the incarnation of Jesus Christ in the christology of T.F. Torrance,' published in South Africa in In Die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi. Click here .

Also check out my article published in 2013, entitled 'Kataphysical inquiry, onto-relationality and elemental forms in T.F. Torrance’s doctrine of the mediation of Jesus Christ.' Click here .

I hope you find these articles useful. Please consider making a small donation to AsiAfrica Ministries, Inc. Click here .

Sunday, December 4, 2016

from N.T. Wright

“Something has happened, clearly, that has unleashed this new kind of power into the world. That something is the chain-breaking, idol-smashing, sin-abandoning power called ‘forgiveness’, called ‘utter gracious love’, called Jesus. It isn’t that first you have to repent and then, as a result, God may decide not to press charges on this occasion. It isn’t that somehow you thereby gain ‘forgiveness’ as a kind of transaction unrelated to the truth about the wider world. It is, rather, that forgiveness is the new reality. It is the way the creation actually is. All it requires to belong to that new creation, with that banner over its doorway, is that you should turn from the idols whose power (did you but know it) has already been broken and join in the celebration of Jesus’s victory.”

Wright, N.T. The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion. (San Francisco: HarperOne, 2016), p. 384.

Sunday, July 26, 2015

Hunsinger: The Place of Faith in Barth's Objective View of Salvation

Reference: Hunsinger, G. 1991. How to Read Karl Barth: The Shape of His Theology. Oxford: OUP. 298pp. From Chapter Five, “Truth as Mediated: Salvation.”
Central Question: How is what occurs in Christ related to what occurs in us? (Hunsinger)
Much attention has been given to the “objective” aspect of salvation in Barth’s thought (and in Trinitarian-Incarnational theology in general). By “objective” salvation, I mean the full, final and complete salvation for all accomplished in Jesus Christ. Less attention, however, has been paid to the subjective (or, “existential”) side of the God-human relationship. By “subjective,” I mean the role (if any) played by the individual believer in salvation. 
Both Barth and Torrance have been subjected to criticism (unjustly, I think) for “neglecting” this aspect of salvation. In my reading of these giants of theological thought, however, I find that both men attach significant importance to the subjective aspect of salvation, not as a condition for salvation but as the appropriate and―dare I say―necessary response to it. I have wrestled with the relationship between the objective and subjective aspects of salvation for many years, even decades. Finally, George Hunsinger has helped me greatly to understand Barth’s description (not explanation!) of the relationship between the objective and subjective aspects of salvation.(Hunsinger has provided an “answer” I can live with at any rate.) 
Professor George Hunsinger (Princeton) is one of the world’s leading interpreters of the thought of Karl Barth. In this post, I will share with you the salient points I have taken from Hunsinger regarding the subjective and existentialist aspects of salvation. I will be writing from notes, so the material may seem disjointed at times. I highly recommend that you read this important chapter for yourself.
A Paradoxical Relationship
Soteriological objectivism refers to that position wherein any human contribution to salvation is radically subordinated to what has taken place in Christ. Soteriological existentialism, on the other hand, refers to the opposite position, wherein what has taken place in Christ is at some point subordinated to what needs to take place in us. According to this view, salvation is not constituted or complete until something decisive takes place within us. In short, what took place in Christ does not acquire validity and efficacy until something decisive also takes place in us. (Of course, both Barth and Torrance reject soteriological existentialism as described here.)
Hunsinger identifies two points that are essential to Barth in regard to salvation: 1) What took place in Jesus for our salvation avails for all. This is the objective aspect of salvation. 2) No one participates in Christ apart from faith. This is the subjective or existential aspect of salvation. These points are not to be confused. As Hunsinger notes, “The human act of faith is in no way determinative or creative of salvation, and the divine act of grace is in no way responsive or receptive to some condition external to itself as necessarily imposed upon it by the human creature. . . . Grace therefore confronts the creature as a sheer gift. The human act of faith, moreover, in no way conditions, contributes to, or constitutes the event of salvation” (p. 106)
In regard to the relationship between the objective and subjective (existentialist) aspects of  salvation, Hunsinger identifies three “non-negotiables for Barth: 1) The real efficacy of the saving work of Christ for all; 2) the unconditioned, gratuitous character of grace and 3) the impossibility of actively participating in Christ and his righteousness apart from faith. For Barth, these points were axiomatic when the scripture is exegeted Christocentrically.
In regard to the objective “moment” of salvation, Barth asserts that the history of every human being is included in the history of Jesus Christ. Jesus enacts our salvation as a gift which is valid and efficacious for all. As Hunsinger notes, “The validity and efficacy of this gift cannot be denied without compromising (among other things) the absolutely unconditioned and therefore gratuitous character of divine grace in him” (p.108). The history of every person is in Jesus. To deny the universal efficaciousness of salvation is to deny its gratuitous character. Conversely, the history of Jesus is in every person. To deny the continual, miraculous presence of his history to every human is to deny his resurrection. According to Hunsinger, “The once-for-all event of Jesus’ history, without ceasing to be such, reiterates itself so as to be present to the history of each and every human being” (p. 109). In other words, through his vicarious humanity and resurrection, the history of Jesus is present to all.
However, the subjective (“existentialist”) aspect of salvation remains. Quoting Hunsinger:
[I]t is impossible for anyone actively to participate in Jesus Christ and the salvation he has accomplished apart from the decision of faith. . . . Faith is necessary as the only apt response to the objective validity and efficacy of salvation. It is the response of gratitude, joy, trust, love, and obedience. . . . It does not in any sense constitute, contribute to, or bring about the occurrence of salvation. It simply undertakes to enact the appropriate consequences in response to an occurrence of salvation which in itself and as such already avails in validity, efficacy, and completeness for each one and therefore for all (pp. 109, 110, emphasis added).
Thus, there is a non-constitutive character to faith with respect to salvation. Simply stated, faith does not make it so; rather, faith joyfully and gratefully accepts that it is so. Faith in no way causes, constitutes or contributes to the objective reality of our salvation. Per Hunsinger:
The non-constitutive character of one’s faith with respect to one’s salvation could not be denied without denying (among other things) not only the absolutely unconditional and gratuitous character of divine grace, but also the saving work of Christ as something finished, complete, and unrepeatable in itself (p. 110).
In other words, to require a decision of faith in order to be saved (as is common in evangelicalism) is to deny the finished work of Christ and the gracious nature of salvation. 
Obviously, there is a tension (paradox) here: if grace is unconditional, how is faith indispensible? If faith is necessary, how is grace unconditional? (p. 110). As Hunsinger explains, the tension between grace as unconditional and faith as indispensable must simply be allow to stand. Barth does not try to explain the paradoxical relationship between unconditional salvation and indispensable faith. For Barth, “mystery precludes mastery.” Thus, theology must be content with description, not explanation (p. 111). As Hunsinger notes, closely following Barth:
The unity of grace and faith occurs in such a way that grace is always universal and unconditional in its objective efficacy and validity, yet at the same time faith is always necessary and indispensable in its existential receptivity and freedom. A theology which could explain how this unity occurs as it does or how it occurs as a unity would be explaining the modus operandi of the Holy Spirit (p. 111).
COMMENT: Barth does not try to explain away the tension between unconditional grace and the necessity of faith. If I understand Barth correctly, he is simply trying to describe―not explain!―what the New Testament teaches in regard to this paradoxical relationship. It impresses me deeply that a thinker of Barth’s magnitude would simply allow the paradox to stand. He does not attempt a “rational” explanation of the mystery of the atonement as, for example, do R.C. Sproul and many other Calvinists, who reduce salvation to a logical formula (i.e., the five points of Calvinism). Nevertheless, because faith is indispensable to experience or participate in salvation, I can stand alongside an evangelical and preach “repentance and faith,” not as conditions for salvation but as the appropriate and again―dare I say―necessary and indispensable responses to the gift that is already ours in Christ. At least today, I am content to leave it at that.
Notwithstanding the indispensable nature of faith, three things must not be said in regard to the existential moment of faith: 1) The existential moment of faith must not be spoken of as making the objective moment of salvation real, as though salvation were unreal or merely abstract until the moment of its existential appropriation; 2) “Nor may the existential moment be spoken of as effecting a transition from being outside to being inside the objective moment, as though the objective moment did not already include each and every human existence within itself” 3) nor may the existential moment be spoken of as effecting a transition from a potential state of grace to a real state of grace, as though the objective moment of salvation was not already real, valid and efficacious for all (p. 113). 
The transition effected by the existential moment of faith is a movement from non-acknowledgement to acknowledgement. It is a transition from ignorance, indifference or outright hostility to an attitude of gratitude and surrender. There is an inner unity in the objective and existential moments of faith such that the objective does not occur without the free existential reception and response nor does the existential occur without the sovereign precedence and actualization of the objective. From the standpoint of eternity, faith contributes nothing new to the objective moment of salvation; from a personal, subjective standpoint, faith makes all things new (p. 113). Quoting Barth, Hunsinger writes:
[The phrase] “In Christ” is the key indicator of Barth’s soteriological objectivism. . . . “In Christ” means that we are reconciled to God, in him we are elect from eternity, in him we are called, in him we are justified and sanctified, in him our sin is carried to the grave, in his resurrection our death is overcome, with him our life is hid in God, in him everything that has to be done for us, to us, and by us, has already been done . . . (Barth, CD I/2, 240; cf. II/2, 117; Hunsinger, 115.)
We are incorporated “in Christ” by Christ. It is solely by his acts as Mediator; it is accomplished without reference to us (p. 115). Hunsinger notes:
In his role as the true covenant partner, Jesus Christ took the place of humankind before God in a positive sense, enacting obedience and service to God on humankind’s behalf [active obedience] . . . . By his suffering and death he thereby also took humankind’s place before God in a negative sense, assuming to himself the accusation, judgment, and punishment that were rightfully humankind’s [passive obedience] (p. 116).
As a consequence of the mediatorial work of Christ (both positive and negative; active and passive), human salvation is already accomplished. “Whether we acknowledge it or not, salvation comes to us as a gift that is already real and complete. It needs no further actualization or completion by us or even in us, for by Christ we already have our being in Christ” (pp. 116, 117; emphasis added). Our salvation is real and effective whether we know it or not, for “the great alteration of the human situation,” our reconciliation in Christ has already been accomplished. According to Hunsinger, “Our being in Christ is understood in the strongest possible terms: as an ‘ontological connection.’” It is a connection that is grounded and established not by our action but solely by his action, not in our subjective experience but solely in his experience, and thus not in ourselves but solely in him. As Barth asserts, the gospel “does not indicate possibilities but declares actualities” (CD IV/2, 275). For Hunsinger, “The gospel does not proclaim that if only we will fulfill certain conditions, salvation will then be effective for us.” Our being “in Christ by Christ” is not a mere offer or a possibility; it is a reality, an event which “in its scope is determinative of all human existence.” Our salvation is not merely potential, it is actual. Our salvation is not contingent upon the fulfillment of conditions such as making the necessary decision, undergoing various religious exercises, righting social wrongs or receiving properly validated sacraments. Our salvation is already actual and effective; we need only to acknowledge and receive it in freedom, not make it effective ourselves (Hunsinger, p. 117). Barth argues:
Is Jesus Christ only the possibility and not rather the full actuality of the grace of God? Is his intervention for us sinners anything other or less than the divine forgiveness itself? And what does this forgiveness lack in order to be effective if it has taken place in him (CD IV/1, 487. Cited in Hunsinger, 117, 118).
Rather than a mere open possibility, salvation is an effective reality because it is a “comprehensive, total and definitive” event that has taken place apart from us but not without us. Our salvation takes place because we are included in the history of Jesus Christ. “His history is as such our history,” because in his life, death and resurrection he has made our situation his own (Barth, CD IV/1, 547, 548; cited in Hunsinger, p. 118).
If we are to find the truth of our salvation and the ground of our existence in Christ, the “basic rule” is that we should look away from ourselves to Jesus. We are not to seek knowledge of our salvation in introspection or self-examination but rather we are to look away from ourselves to the reality of our salvation in Christ (Hunsinger, p. 118).
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Wednesday, July 15, 2015

God is Love: A Father Eternally Loving his Son (rev.)

I have done a complete re-write of this article, originally posted November, 2014. The new version is in plain, straightforward language and is suitable for non-theologians. To read it (with pictures!), click here .

Monday, June 15, 2015

The Coming of the Spirit: Content & Consequence, pt. 2

This post, and the previous post, is the text of a presentation I made recently at New Beginnings Christian Fellowship in Big Sandy, Texas. Written in non-technical language, this two-part series may serve as an introduction to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. To read the material in its entirety (with pictures!) click here.

In the previous post, we saw that the content of the Spirit’s coming at Pentecost is Jesus! In this post, we examine the consequence of the Spirit’s coming.
Communion:  Consequence of the Spirit’s Coming

As we have seen, the content of the Spirit’s message is “Jesus.” The consequence of the Spirit’s coming, however, is “communion.” The Spirit’s primary work is the creation of “fellowship.” Paul writes:

2 Corinthians 13:14 May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

In this passage, “grace” is attributed to Jesus and “love” is attributed to God the Father. Fellowship, however, is attributed specifically to the Holy Spirit. The Spirit is the mediator of communion (fellowship).[1] The Holy Spirit mediates, or “creates,” communion in two directions: 1) vertical and 2) horizontal.
Vertical Direction of Communion

Before the Spirit relates us to one another in love and sends us out into the world in missionary outreach, the Spirit first relates us to God the Father and God the Son in worshipping acknowledgement of who they are for us. The Holy Spirit brings us into a vertical relationship, where we know God the Father as “Abba” and Jesus as “Lord.” This is the “vertical” direction of communion.

“Knowing,” as enabled by the Spirit, however, is not merely intellectual knowledge “about” God. “Knowing” involves the whole person―mind, heart and will. “Knowing” is participation in the eternal communion of love shared by the Father, Son and Spirit. Thus, “knowing” God includes the “acts” of devotion, worship and commitment. “Knowledge” of God and “love” of God cannot be separated or divided. To “know” God is to enter communion, fellowship and relationship with the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
Horizontal Direction of Communion

Believers are the people who know God the Father as “Abba” and Jesus as “Lord.” When the Spirit reveals the truth about our relationship to the Father and Son, the Spirit also unites us in communion or fellowship with other believers. This is the “horizontal” direction of communion. Returning to the Book of Acts, Chapter 2, notice what happened after Peter preached his sermon about Jesus on the day of Pentecost:

Acts 2:42 They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.

The consequence of the Spirit’s coming upon the assembly at Pentecost was “fellowship” (or, “communion”). The people devoted themselves to “fellowship,” expressed in communal prayer and eating (“table fellowship”). We should not be surprised that the Spirit joins believers together in love and fellowship, for the Spirit is the eternal “bond of love” between the Father and the Son. Likewise, the Spirit is the “bond of love” among believers.[2]

When the Spirit unites us to Jesus Christ, and through Jesus to the Father, we become members who “belong to all the others.” That is, the Holy Spirit unites believers in a communion or fellowship of love. Paul writes:

Rom 12:5  [S]o in Christ we, though many, form one body, and each member belongs to all the others.

As a fellowship or communion of believers who “belong” to one another, we find our identities in relationship. To be a “person” is to have our “being-in-relationship.” The Christian is not an isolated “individual.” He or she is a member of a community.

As theologian George Hunsinger notes, “Between the first and second coming of Christ, the principal work of the Spirit is to form the community of Christ.” The Holy Spirit gathers the community in faith, builds it up in love and sends it out into the world in hope.
A Community of Faith

Believers come together to form a community of faith. By faith, we know God as “Abba” and Jesus as “Lord.”[3] Unbelievers, on the other hand, do not have this knowledge―yet! The difference between believers and unbelievers is a matter of “knowing.” We cannot say that believers are “in Christ” and unbelievers are “not in Christ.” God has reconciled “all things” to himself in Jesus. All humanity is included in the reconciliation accomplished in the sacrificial life and death of Jesus Christ―yet, not all know it! As Christians, we do not stand against the world; we stand for the world. We are “for” the world because God is “for” the world (see John 3:16).  God sent his beloved Son to save this world. We are sanctified (“set apart”) by the Holy Spirit as a community of faith in order to bear witness to the love with which God loves this world.
A Community of Love

The Holy Spirit brings together a variety of people in order to unite them in a “community” or “fellowship.” The members of the community of faith come from all nations, tribes and ethnic groups. They come from different socio-economic, vocational and educational backgrounds. The task of the Holy Spirit is to unite these different elements into a communion of love. In holding together those who are different, the Spirit fulfils his eternal role as the “bond of peace.”

As the “bond of love,” the Holy Spirit brings together the various elements of the community in order to create a fellowship of love. The task of the community of faith is to bear witness to one another that we are a fellowship of love.

After he had washed his disciples’ feet, Jesus said:

John 13:34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”

As theologian Karl Barth argues, Christian “love” begins at the point where our fellow man becomes our “neighbour,” thereby causing us [at least sometimes!] a “mortal headache,” because we cannot withdraw from them, when, in fact, that is exactly what we would like to do! The community of faith is a community of “sinners.” Therefore, it must be a community of forgiveness. In the community united in love by the Spirit, one sinner may love and forgive another, despite their mutual sin. The one who is “filled with the Spirit” is the one who is richest in love.
A Community of Hope

The Spirit does not unite the individual members of the Church into a communion as an end (“goal”) in itself. The Church is called to witness; its service is the “service of testimony.”

As he was about to return to the Father from whom he came, Jesus commanded his disciples to go into all the world as his witnesses:

Matthew 28:18 [Jesus said] . . . go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

Acts 1:8 [Jesus said] But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”

Christians are called out of the world (in terms of conformity to it) even as we are called into the world (in terms of solidarity with it). Our distinction in relation to the world is a preparation for our work in the world. God calls us “out” of the world in order to call us “into” the world. God sends us into the world to bear witness to the love with which God has loved the world.

The mutual testifying of love and forgiveness to one another is the Christian community’s “basic equipment” for witness to the world. The community of faith is not an end to itself; rather, we are the community for the world. The Spirit sends us into the world because God loves the world, and he has reconciled it to himself in Jesus. God’s love for the world is the basis of our commitment to the world.

If we turn inward upon ourselves merely to protect and preserve our religious institutions, then we have nothing to offer the world, for we have become a reflection of the world―not a light to the world.[4] The world is full of institutions, cliques, parties, sects and special interest groups who exist solely to serve their own interests. Jesus calls us to move beyond self-interest, even our own “communal” interest, in order to take the Gospel into all the world.


The content of the Spirit’s coming is Jesus. Jesus said, “When the Spirit comes, he will testify about me.” When Peter preached his great sermon on Pentecost, he preached Jesus! The Spirit frees our sinful minds, so that we may know God the Father as “Abba” and Jesus as “Lord.” The knowledge of who we are in relation to the Father and Son is the great gift of the Holy Spirit.

As the consequence of the Spirit’s coming, the disciples were united in communion and fellowship. They expressed their fellowship in communal prayer and eating. The Holy Spirit is the mediator of communion. The Spirit lifts us up into communion with God, where we participate in the Father-Son relationship by the power of the Spirit. The Spirit unites believers into a fellowship of love and sends us into the world to bear witness to the love God has for the world. The Spirit gathers the community in faith, builds it up in love and sends it out into the world in hope.

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[1] A “mediator” is one who brings people together in fellowship or communion.  The Spirit creates fellowship or communion among believers. In addition, the Spirit creates fellowship between believers and God.
[2] When we think of the Spirit as the “bond of love,” we must remember that the Holy Spirt is a divine Person, not a “thing.” The Holy Spirit is fully God. He is the “Third Person” of the Holy Trinity.
[3] “Faith” is the gift of God (Ephesians 2:8). “Faith” is specifically the work of the Holy Spirit.
[4] Critics say that evangelical Christians have a “fortress mentality.” That is, they “hide” from the world behind the walls of their churches. They appear to be so “heavenly minded that they are no earthly good.” In other words, they seem so concerned with “going to heaven” when they die, that they have little energy left to serve the world that God loves.

The Coming of the Spirit: Content & Consequence, pt. 1

This post, and the one to follow, is the text of a presentation I made recently at New Beginnings Christian Fellowship in Big Sandy, Texas. Written in non-technical language, this two-part series may serve as an introduction to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. To read the material in its entirety (with pictures!) click here.


What happens when the Holy Spirit comes? We can answer this question by considering the coming of the Spirit in terms of content and consequence. “Content” refers to the “message” or “teaching” the Spirit brings. “Consequence” refers to the “result” of the Spirit’s coming. When the Spirit comes, the “content” is Jesus; the “consequence” is communion (fellowship, relationship).

Content: The Spirit Testifies About Jesus

The Spirit has one message; that message is Jesus! On the night before his death, Jesus taught his disciples important truths about the Holy Spirit and his relation to Jesus:          

John 15:26  [Jesus said] “When the Advocate comes, whom I will send to you from the Father—the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father—he will testify about me.

John 16:12 [Jesus said] “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. 14 He will glorify me because it is from me that he will receive what he will make known to you. 15 All that belongs to the Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will receive from me what he will make known to you.”

These verses show that the Spirit will “testify” about Jesus; the Spirit will “glorify” Jesus. Jesus even says that the Spirit will guide us “into all the truth.” Jesus Christ is “the truth” (John 14:6). Therefore, the Spirit will guide us to Jesus!


We can learn much about the Spirit’s message (“content”) by examining what happened on the day of Pentecost. Ten days after our Risen Lord ascended to heaven, the Holy Spirit came upon the gathered assembly in dramatic fashion. In the Book of Acts, Luke writes:

Acts 2:1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.

In regard to the coming of the Spirit at Pentecost, many in the charismatic tradition focus primarily on the issue of “tongues.” For them, the most important work of the Spirit is to impart the gift of “tongues.” As we will see, however, the greatest gifts the Spirit imparts have nothing to do with “tongues.”

When the Spirit came upon the assembly, Peter explained what was happening:

Acts 2:16 [T]his is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17 “‘In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. . .

When the Spirit came at Pentecost after Jesus had ascended to heaven, something new and important happened. For the first time in human history, the Holy Spirit was “poured out on all people.” Before the coming of Jesus, the Holy Spirit was given only to prophets and leaders like Moses and Elijah, men of God who were given a particular mission at a certain time in history. With the “incarnation” of Jesus Christ, however, sinful humanity’s relationship to God was forever changed.[1] In the person of Jesus Christ, who is both fully God and fully man, God and humanity are reconciled; that is, the relationship between God and man that was broken by human sin is now healed and restored (see 2 Corinthians 5:19; Colossians 1:20). Humanity no longer stands condemned under the “old Adam; instead, humanity now stands forgiven and reconciled to God in the “second Adam,” Jesus Christ (see Romans 5:12-19). Therefore, man is no longer “separated” from God because of human sin; rather, God and humanity are now forever united in a fellowship of love, joy and peace in Jesus. It was not possible for the Holy Spirit to be “poured out on all people” until sinful humanity was healed, cleansed and forgiven in the life, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ.

After Peter explained to his hearers what was happening when the Spirit came in power on the day of Pentecost, he continued his message. It is important to notice the “content” or main message of Peter’s sermon:

22 [Peter said] “Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. . .

32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it. 33 Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.

When the Holy Spirit came on Pentecost, Peter preached Jesus! The content of his sermon was Jesus Christ. Peter did not speak about the gifts of tongues, prophesy or healing; he spoke about Jesus. Jesus said that when the Spirit comes, he will “testify about me.” This is exactly what happened on the day of Pentecost. The Holy Spirit inspired Peter to preach about Jesus![2]

The Church has no other message for the world than Jesus. To be sure, the Gospel is Jesus! In the opening verse of his “Gospel,” Mark writes:

Mark 1:1 The beginning of the good news about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God . . .

From the very beginning of his “Gospel,” Mark makes it clear that his message is Jesus. Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, Mark wrote his “Gospel” to bring us the “good news about Jesus.”[3]

Perhaps we can better understand the Spirit’s work in relation to Jesus by using an analogy (or, “comparison”). Imagine that you are on a journey to a distant city. Night comes and you find yourself traveling in the darkness. Suddenly, you see the lights of a distant city. In the middle of the city is a magnificent church sitting on a hill, so that it is visible for miles in every direction. The beauty of the brightly lit church delights you, as it shines in the darkness. Notice, however, that you do not pay attention to the lights that make the church visible in the darkness; rather, you are consumed with the beauty of the building itself.

The Holy Spirit is like the light on the beautiful building. The light does not call attention to itself; rather, the light allows us to see the building. In the same way, the Holy Spirit does not call attention to himself, but rather points us to Jesus. The Holy Spirit opens our minds so that we can know Jesus as our Saviour.

By the power of the Holy Spirit, we are “awakened” to faith in Jesus. The Spirit makes “real” in us what Jesus has done for us in his sacrificial life and death. In other words, the Spirit “illumines” (“brings light to”) our minds, so that we are led to the conviction that what Christ completed in his life and death “there and then” is real for us “here and now.” By the “awakening” power of the Spirit, we know that we belong to Jesus.[4]

The Holy Spirit Sets Us Free for Revelation

In terms of “content,” the Spirit reveals two basic truths about God and our relationship to God. First, the Holy Spirit reveals that we are “children of God.” The apostle Paul writes:

Romans 8:16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.

The Spirit sets us free to know God as “Father.” At the same time, the Spirit guides us into deeper truth about our heavenly Father. Paul writes:

Galatians 4:6 Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, Father.”

Not only does the Spirit reveal that we are God’s children; the Spirit also reveals that God is “Abba, Father.” That is, God is the tender, loving Father, who welcomes sinners home with arms open wide with accepting love (see Luke 15:11-24).

The second great truth that the Spirit reveals about our relationship with God is “Jesus is Lord.” Paul writes:

1 Corinthians 12:3 Therefore I want you to know that no one who is speaking by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus be cursed,” and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit sets us free to know Jesus as “Lord.” We cannot know Jesus as “Lord” apart from the work of the Holy Spirit. We do not “make Jesus Lord” by a personal decision of faith. Rather, the Spirit sets our fallen minds free for revelation. The Spirit sets us free for God, free to know Jesus as “Lord.”

To be “charismatic” is much more than merely speaking in “tongues.” It is to know Jesus as “Lord” and God as “Abba, Father.”  These are the great gifts of the Spirit!
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[1][1] Incarnation means “in flesh.” The eternal “Word” or Son of God became a human being (“flesh”) and lived among us (John 1:1-3, 14). Jesus is the “fully divine” Son of God; he is also the “fully human” son of Mary. In the historical man, Jesus of Nazareth, God and humanity are reconciled (joined together in love, joy and peace; see 2 Corinthians 5:19).
[2] As we saw above, the Holy Spirit testifies about Jesus (John 15:26). Perhaps this is why the doctrine of the Holy Spirit has been problematic in Church history. The Holy Spirit does not call attention to himself; rather, the Spirit directs our attention to Jesus.
[3] The word, “Gospel,” means “good news.”
[4] In theological language, the “new thing” the Spirit brings to us is the subjective awareness of the objective salvation already completed for us in Jesus.